Caulerpa Taxifolia, a noxious, invasive species of algae quickly expanding under the Mediterranean Sea. Originally bioengineered in 1984 as an ornamental, helpful plant for tropical fish bowls, its asexual reproduction and growth simply cannot be stopped. Its slight toxicity drives fish away (and everything else). In order to stop propagation and develop an effective containment strategy, a National Plan was drafted in 2004. But what is the status now? And the outlook? Some say this has been greatly exaggerated – is that true?
Phosphate Peak: World phosphorus/phosphate reserves promptly dwindle (at present rate, peak would be reached in 2030, total depletion by end of the century), while consumption even increases faster than population; being critical for agriculture, if this one is not resolved, impact on world food supply is certain (although many experts disagree on this one – is this also an exaggeration?). Mycorrhiza is a fungus that has been suggested as a solution… maybe?
Ug99 (Stem Rust), a relentless fungus affecting wheat crops that may lead to severe losses and starvation in several countries, notably in East Africa and the Middle East. A longtime concern for scientists such as Nobel Prize winner Norman Borlaug, its causal agent is Puccinia graminis. This destructive parasite must be stopped before it is too late.
The world needs some good leadership and good science to tackle these impending global critical issues. Any ideas?